Dog DNA testing is a relatively new method of determining what breeds have contributed to a dog’s genetic makeup. If you’re wondering how this test works, or whether it’s worthwhile for your dog to undergo one, the following informational post will help clear up any doubts. What is the best dog dna test? is a question that many people ask.
A dog DNA test analyzes a sample of cells from your dog to find out what breeds he has in his genetic makeup. Lab technicians often look at the mitochondrial DNA and nose prints for clues about what breeds may be present in your pup. The results are then analyzed using mathematical models that consider the probabilities of different combinations given each breed’s history and frequency within the population.
So, how accurate are these tests? It turns out that the accuracy of dog DNA testing is increasing every year.
In the past, DNA tests scored in the 80% accuracy range. Now, thanks to advancements in DNA testing technology, modern dog DNA test results typically bring about 90% accuracy or better.
It’s important to remember that dog DNA testing is not a one-time activity; it must be performed every time your pup has a breeding season. There can be significant changes in their genetic makeup over time.
The following table outlines breed composition percentages in the lower and higher range of your dog’s possible breed makeup. These results vary from dog to dog, so you must take the time to read them carefully.
So how is this test done? Several tests are available to get a professional look at your dog’s DNA – all of which are fast and non-invasive. The following options will ensure that you get the most accurate picture possible of what breeds make up your pup:
Blood Tests – This method involves a small blood sample drawn from your dog’s ear vein. This test can be conducted on adult dogs and pups as young as 12 weeks old. This blood collection is then sent to a lab, where the sample is analyzed for various dog DNA markers.
Saliva Tests – This type of test works on both adult dogs and pups. It involves taking a cotton swab from your dog’s cheek and sending it to a lab for analysis. Results vary but can be as accurate as the blood test described above.
Noseprint Tests – These are the most inexpensive tests, costing between $15 and $30 per test, depending on the size of your dog’s breed makeup. Each area on your dog’s nose is analyzed for breed information, then compiled into a report available online or through regular mail delivery.
In conclusion, you and your dog can now have peace of mind knowing what breeds he has contributed to his genetic makeup. This new information can help you make better decisions on how to care for your dog during his lifetime.